Diabetes Symptoms are different from signs of diabetes. While diabetes signs are those things someone else can observe, the symptoms of diabetes are those things that only the person with the disease feels. We are going to use diabetes signs and symptoms of diabetes interchangeably here. However, we want you to be able to differentiate between them if there is need to do so.
Also, it is good to know that these symptoms can become signs of diabetes if they result in certain behaviors that another person can observe. For instance, only the person with diabetes knows when he/she is thirsty, so increased thirst is one of the symptoms of diabetes. However, when the person starts to drink too much, it becomes a sign that can be observed by others that this person must have more than usual thirst. Too much drinking is one of the signs of diabetes.
Now that we have explained the difference between signs of diabetes and symptoms of diabetes, let us continue.
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the early warning signs of diabetes are real symptoms. This is because this is not insulin resistance. The problem is that the body does not have insulin. Type 1 diabetes starts with real symptoms of high blood sugar. The blood glucose increases and there will be high blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia. The early warning signs of type 1 diabetes is the observance of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia in someone who was not diabetic.
The signs and symptoms of prolonged hyperglycemia that can be observed are:
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can start with a state that is called pre-diabetes. In pre-diabetes, early warning signs of diabetes can be observed. Pre-diabetes, is when the person has impaired glucose tolerance, which means that the body is not using glucose normally.
One of the early warning signs of diabetes that is observed in pre-diabetes is increase in weight. Obesity is one of the causes of adult onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes. When the weight increases, insulin resistance increases. Insulin resistance causes increase in blood sugar and increase in appetite. These increase the weight further, creating more insulin resistance, until full blown diabetes.
Other early symptoms of diabetes are:
Sometimes the above diabetes symptoms may be subtle in pre-diabetes and early part of the disease. It is easy to ignore some these early symptoms of diabetes or attribute them to other causes. This is why some people have type 2 diabetes for several years without realizing it. When diabetes is full blown.
Advanced Diabetes Symptoms are:
Hyerglycemia is one of the cardinal diabetes symptoms. Hyperglycemia is high blood sugar which is a medical emergency. If not treated, hyperglycemia can progress to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in type 1 diabetics. In type 2 diabetics, untreated hyperglycemia can lead to metabolic acidosis or diabetic non-ketotic coma, also called HHNS. Diabetic coma is very serious emergency.
The following are symptoms of hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia should be treated immediately. The doctor sometimes orders immediate release insulin to be used as needed to lower blood sugar in the case of hyperglycemia. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of acute hyperglycemia to prevent it from progressing into coma and minimize diabetes complications.
Gestational Diabetes Symptoms
Symptoms of gestational diabetes are usually the symptoms of hyperglycemia that is generally observed in type 2 diabetes. One of the most important of the gestational diabetes symptoms that results if the gestational diabetes is not treated is the inability of the pregnant mother to gain weight.
Weight loss in pregnancy is one of the symptoms of hyperglycemia. This happens because the body is not sensing the high sugar in the blood because of insulin resistance. The body is then tricked to think that there is no glucose in the blood, so it breaks down the fat stores and releases more sugar into the blood.
Hypoglycemia symptoms are not really diabetes symptoms, but symptoms that result from too much insulin action that has resulted in lower blood sugar. During insulin treatment, it is important for the patient to watch out for the signs of hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar. This happens when there is too much insulin in the blood. The insulin then moves too much glucose out of the blood. The result of this is that there is not enough glucose for the blood to carry to the tissues. The tissues get starved of glucose and that leads to symptoms of hypoglycemia.
These are hypoglycemia symptoms:
Many times, symptoms of low blood sugar may resolve on their own in type 2 diabetics if the liver releases glucose from the glycogen stores. It is also easy to treat if the patient is still conscious by giving high sugar drink like soda or skim milk. You may want to take the diabetes symptoms quiz to test you knowledge of diabetes symptoms. Return from Diabetes Symptoms to Home
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