Hypertension, which is abbreviated HTN, is high blood pressure. High blood pressure or HBP is one of the complications of diabetes. In addition to diabetes, there are other risk factors or causes of diabetes. According to the CDC, about 68 million people have the disease in the United States. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, which are the leading causes of death in the USA. High blood pressure is called the "Silent Killer”, because many people do not know that they have the disease, until they have complications. This is why it is good to check your blood pressure periodically.
When we talk about high blood pressure, we are referring to that general increase in pressure that happens in the arteries as the heart beats and relaxes. It is represented by two numbers:
The upper number is called systolic blood pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps the blood into the vessels. It is usually the higher number and is placed on top. It is higher because some of the pressure is generated by the push that the heart exerts on the vessels as it pumps.
The lower number is the diastolic blood pressure. Diastolic blood pressure is the blood pressure when the heart relaxes or is at rest. It is the lower number because the heart is not exerting its own push on the walls of the arteries. It is placed at the bottom. In addition to the blood pressure, the diastolic blood pressure may give information about the state of the heart.
Apart from the high blood pressure, there other types of hypertension. It is the arterial that is generally referred to as high blood pressure.
Prevention of High Blood pressure
High blood pressure can be prevented by living healthy lifestyle, eating healthy diet, exercise, checking your blood pressure periodically; and for those who have the disease, taking prescribed medication to prevent it from getting worse.
There are different causes of high blood pressure and they include age, other diseases, certain medications, smoking and other interactions with drugs. Diabetes is one of the causes of hypertension, so good control of diabetes can help prevent high blood pressure.
High blood pressure symptoms are rare. High blood pressure is called the silent killer because it can have subtle or no symptoms, as such the person does not know they have the disease, until the blood pressure is checked. The major sign of high blood pressure is a blood pressure measurement that is 140/90 or higher. There are really no warning signs of high blood pressure.
One major symptoms of high blood pressure is headache, and this is not common. Headaches occur mostly when the blood pressure is dangerously high and may come before a stroke.
Some people experience restlessness as one of the symptoms of high blood pressure. It is difficult to know whether the restlessness caused the increase in blood pressure or the other way around.If you have high blood pressure, it is important to check your blood pressure regularly and especially when you have unexplained headache or restlessness. Remember that the only way that you can know whether or not you have high blood pressure is by checking.
Blood pressure chart is a good tool to know what the
blood pressure ranges are. It helps people to check what their blood pressure
reading means. Blood pressure chart can be useful in hypertension treatment.The image below contains a blood pressure chart:
What does high blood pressure do to the body? We said above that many people do not know that they have high blood pressure for several years. When no symptoms are noted and the blood pressure is not treated, the patients start to have the following complications of HBP:
These complications include Coronary heart disease, heart failure, Stroke, Aneurisms, kidney failure, blindness and others.
High blood pressure is usually treated with high blood medications to lower blood pressure and keep it
as close to normal as possible.
Certain foods, especially those that are high in sodium can raise blood pressure. In order to control blood pressure, the high blood pressure diet should be low in sodium. The high blood pressure diet is healthy diet that is made up of fruits, vegetables. It is high in fiber and low in cholesterol and saturated fats. The NIH has provided the DASH eating plan which will help individuals maintain a hypertension diet.
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