Diabetes results from problem with proper movement of glucose in the body. The problem results because the hormone, insulin, is absent, reduced or not functioning properly. This disease affects the overall metabolism of glucose and as such many body functions.
Your body needs glucose to operate just as cars need gasoline or other fuels to run. Your body gets that glucose from diets, especially carbohydrates that break down into blood sugar. It can be from starch or complex carbohydrate, protein, or fats.
When you eat foods that break down into blood glucose, the sugar circulates in your blood first. Insulin, which is a hormone in the body is released from the pancreas into the blood when the body senses high blood glucose levels. Insulin then carries the glucose to the liver, muscles and fats for storage. Insulin also helps the body to use blood sugar immediately for energy. These storage areas are where we get the glucose back into the blood for energy later. Ever wondered where you get the glucose for the energy you expend at the 5AM workout, even before the first meal of the day? This is it.
This disease results when something goes wrong with the production of insulin or the interaction between the blood sugar, insulin and the body. Sometimes, there is a problem with the pancreas that stops it from making and releasing insulin. Sometimes, the body cannot properly use insulin.
Type I or juvenile diabetes results when the pancreas is not making insulin, so the body is insulin deficient. Type 2 or adult onset diabetes is when the insulin released by the pancreas is not being properly used in the body. Type 2 diabetics may also have a decrease in pancreas secretion of insulin, in addition to impaired glucose tolerance by the body. Gestational diabetes is related to type 2 . It happens during pregnancy when pregnancy hormones and other pregnancy changes in the body affect the presence of insulin and its interaction with the body, that is, how it works in the body.
Pre-diabetes is when a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than the normal blood glucose level, but not high enough for the diagnosis of the disease. A person is considered Pre-diabetic if his/her fasting blood glucose falls between 100mg/dl and 125 mg/dl or if their blood sugar falls between 140mg/dl and 199mg/dl two hours after meals (or two hours postprandial). A person in this early part of the disease may not experience the symptoms.
The symptoms are the signs the body uses to make a person know that the body fuel, glucose, is not being properly used. Examples of these symptoms are, increased thirst, frequent urination, extremely dry skin, infections like yeast infections and urinary tract infections, and slow healing wounds.
If someone with this disease does not take steps to control the blood sugar levels in the early part of the disease, the person may start to experience some early symptoms of the disease. Many people do not notice when they start to experience these early symptoms because they can be subtle or attributable to other factors or reasons. If you experience early warning signs of diabetes, it will be helpful to start on diabetic diet and make out a diabetic meal plan by gathering healthy diabetic recipes that will keep your blood sugar level at normal range.
When making diabetic diet plan, you need to consider the glycemic index of the food items. Glycemic index measures how much sugar the food item contains, when compared with glucose. If it produces much glucose, it is said to have high glycemic index. If it contains only little sugar, the glycemic index is low. The diabetic diet is a nutritious diet that is high in fiber, so include vegetables and fruits as well as protein and complex carbohydrates.
You may also start thinking seriously about making exercise programs a part of your life. Exercise helps to relieve symptoms by improving the way insulin interacts with the body. You may also use the exercise to lose weight if your body mass index or BMI is high.
It is always a good idea to have some home exercise equipment so that you can exercise, even when the weather is too bad to be outdoors. Diabetics whose mobility is poor can use forearm exercise equipment. We will show you some free exercise program that you can use to lose weight, improve blood sugar control, increase energy. We will show you a simple home exercise program you can use when you do not have enough time to go to the gym. Remember that prevention is the best management strategy.
When someone starts to experience early signs, it is a good time to start management and blood sugar control in order to avoid complications.
Type 1 diabetics may show early warning signs that are real signs of the disease, because the pancreas is not making insulin. Type 2 does not generally start before the age of 30, except in childhood obesity. Early warnings signs of diabetes is actual disease symptoms and parents in particular are suggested to contact a physician if they observe any of the real symptoms. This is important to prevent megaloblastic anemia.
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